Styles of Art in Picture Books

Styles of Art in Picture Books

Styles of Art in Picture Books

Styles of Art in Picture Books

Features of Picture Book

A picture book for young children has some features (Sutherland, 1997):
· Present the story line in a brief and straightforward manner
· Contains a limited number of concepts / ideas
· Contains a concept or idea that is understandable for children
· Provide texts written in a direct and simple way
· Provides illustrations that balance the texts
Furthermore, picture books have simple plots, and commonly consist of more or less  200 words, with 32 pages long.
As Ramayana picture book is intended for children, therefore, the picture book should be simple, straightforward, and understandable.
Styles of Art in Picture Books 
Patricia J. Ciancolo (1997, p.27) stated that style is a term that refers to an arrangement of artistic components that create a specific and identifiable manner of expression. Style refers to characteristic components contained on an artist‟s work, which is recognizable, either from the details, or the artistic lines and coloring. Various styles of art are classified as representational or realistic, surrealistic, impressionistic,  expressionistic, naive art, folk art, and cartoon art.
 
· Representational or Realistic Art 
In this style, the artist presents the result of their observation of reality in visual form, from the details, proportion, perspective, colors, and shadings. For example, Tree of Cranes and Grandfather’s Journey illustrated by Allen Say.
· Surrealistic Art 
Surrealistic art is arranged to present the visual acquired from dreams, nightmares, and hallucinations. An example of this style of art is Dinner at Magritte’s by Michael Garland.
· Impressionistic Art 
Impressionistic art is an art style whose artists present the assets of light and color—which in the atmosphere allows one a view of nature.
The composition in this style of art is casual and marginal. The colors are broken and are put side by side, thus they blend in the eye of the viewer. As the result, the mass bulk in a character, object, and landscape become lessen and more soft. The example of this style of art is The Tangerine Tree, written by Regina Hanson and illustrated by Harvey Stevenson.
· Expressionistic Art 
Expressionistic art leads into an abstraction, which features the form and essential of reality. This art is the opposite of a realistic art and is concerned mainly with expressing the subjective of the artist and the emotional reaction towards the reality experience.
 
The example of expressionistic art is Zin! Zin! Zin! A Violin, written by  Lloyd Moss and illustrated by Marjory Priceman. 
· Naive Art 
Naive art is an art style that ignores the technical elements of the characteristics of reality. This art presents the essential of an object or scene outside the experience. Naive art does not concern with a person‟s posture and perspective. The anatomy and perspective in this art is lacking and undeveloped.
The example of this art style is Aunt Harriet’s Underground Railroad in  the Sky illustrated by Faith Ringgold. 
· Folk Art 
Folk art is a media of expression of a folk culture by a certain ethnic group which residents in a certain geographical area. Each folk art from various cultures differ one another, either in patterns, symbols, lines, volume, color, or space. The artists put unique symbols and patterns as features of their origins in their arts.
Folk art styles can be found in The Girl Who Loved the Wind written by  Jane Yolen and illustrated by Ed Young. 
· Cartoon Art 

Comical, exaggeration, and absurdity are the features of the cartoon art. These features interpret the characteristics or situations to the extend to cause a smile on the viewer‟s face, or even a laughter. I’ve Got a Chicken Pox by True  Kelly is illustrated in a cartoon style.


Sumber: https://civitas.uns.ac.id/kasiono/seva-mobil-bekas/

Author: 2bfmp